|Development of Science and its Impact on Society|
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Science is not only provides a base for modern technology but it is also a part of human culture. It enriches the human civilization because of its intrinsic value. There is another aspect of culture which is concerned with cultural traits of society and its social evolution. Science has made tremendous contributions in the social evolution of humankind. In my talk, I want to explore this relationship between evolution of science and social evolution. After briefly discussing the contributions of Greeks to human civilization, passing through the era of contributions of Muslims; I come to 17th Century in which the foundations of modern science were laid. After discussing the two conceptual revolutions associated with the names of Maxwell and Darwin in the 19th Century, we come to 20th century; a century which has witnessed the best of science with two conceptual revolutions via special and general theories relativity and quantum mechanics, and discovery of structure of DNA. These discoveries laid a foundation of modern technology.
Professor, National Centre for Physics, Islamabad